What Is Data Security Software?

What Is Data Security Software?

Data security software safeguards digital data from unauthorized access, theft, or manipulation. It encompasses multiple tools and technologies, such as encryption monitoring, logging and prevention of data loss. It also includes policies and procedures, as well as tools to handle data breaches.

Cybercriminals are only one of the numerous threats to data security. Human error is still the most common cause of data breaches. Data security tools include capabilities to detect mistakes such as putting sensitive files on shared drives, or opening the wrong emails attachments.

Limiting physical access to storage devices and servers is a different aspect of data security. Physical measures can include as simple as requiring employees log in before entering a building. They should also consider the labeling and security of equipment so that only authorized personnel can have access to it. This is particularly important for cloud-based data centers, where you might not have control over the physical space.

Data security solutions can safeguard data in transit and at rest by encrypting the data in a way that only those who have the correct key can read it. This is typically a complimentary tool to firewalls, intrusion detection or prevention systems (IDS/IPS), and network-based authentication systems.

Another data security feature is user behavior analytics, which establishes the baselines for normal activity and identifies irregularities that could be a sign of unauthorized access to sensitive information. This is often utilized in solutions that track the performance of relational databases, data warehouses, and big data solutions.

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